ASSUNANUL FI’ILIYYA

ASSUNANUL FI’ILIYYA

Sunnonin da aka aikata su da gabbai

  • ITTIKHA’ZUL SITRU FISSALATI (SANYA SUTRA ACIKIN YIN SALLAH)

Sunna ne akkan massala’ta su sanya sutra a gabansa dan kare abin da ze gifta a gabansa dan cewarsa annabi (SAW) idan dayanku zai yi sallah ya sanya sutra ya kusance ta shaitani ba zai yanke mar sallah ba.

Rawi (Abu Dawud 681)

TANBIHI (TUNATARWA)

Wannan sutra da muka ambata ko wani bango ko abin dogara ko wata sanda da za a iya kafa koma me ma za a iya sitra da su. Ko misali karshen sirdi na abin hawa

Da kuma cewarsa annabi (SAW) idan dayanku ya sanya a gabansa sitra kamar misali karshen sirdi na abun hawa babu damuwa kan mai wucewa ta gabansa

Rawi (Muslim 499, Tirmizi 33)

  • Raf’ul yadaini inda takbiratul ihram wa indarruku’i warraf’u minhu wa indal qiyami minattashahuddil auwal wa kazalika inda kulli raf’in wa qafdin (daga hannaye guda biyu a yin kabara harama da lokaci yin ruku’u da dagowa daga ruku’u da tashi bayan gama tahiyar farko haka a dukkan dagowa da tafiya)

An samo hadisin daga Nafi’i yace Abdullahi dan Umar ya kasance idan zai shiga cikin sallah yana yin kabbara yana daga hannayensa idan zai yi ruku’u ma yana daga hannayensa, idan yace samiallahu liman hamidahu yana daga hannayensa sannan idan ya dago daga raka’a ta biyu yana daga hannayensa. Abdullahi dan Umar  ya mika wannan Magana cewa daga wajen annabi ya’ga yanayin haka.

Rawi (Bukhari 739, Muslim 504)

TANBIHI (TUNATARWA)

Wadannan gurare guda hudu da muka ambata cikin wannan hadisin su ne inda karfafa daga hannaye sai dai sunnah ne wani lokaci (ahyanan) daga hannaye a ko wace dagowa ko tafiya saboda hadisin da aka samu daga Maliku ibnul Huwairis lallai shi ya ga annabi da idonsa yana daga hannayensa idan zai yi ruku’u kuma yana daga hannayensa idan zai dago daga ruku’u idan zai tafi sujjada haka idan zai dago daga sujjada, yana daga hannayensa kusa da kunnuwansa.

Rawi (Nasa’i vol. 2 hadiths 206)

MUHALLURRAF’I WA SIFFATIHI (WAJAJEN DAGA HANNU DA YADDA AKE YI)

  1. Ya tabbata daga annabi (SAW) ya kasance yana daga hannayensa wani lokaci taren da yin kabbara.
  2. Wani lokacin kuma bayan yin kabbara
  3. Wani lokacin kuma kafin yin kabbara
  • WAD’UL YUMNA ALAL YUSRA FAUKASSADRI (DAURAN HANNUN DAMA AKAN HANNUN HAGU AKAN KIRJI)
  1. An samo hadisin daga Sahal bin Sa’ad ya ce mutane sun kasance ana ba’su umarni akan su daura hannayensu na dama akan zira’i hannun hagu acikin sallah.

Rawi (Bukhari 740, Malik Muatta 376).

  1. An samo hadisin daga Wa’il bin Hujirin yace na yi sallah tare da annabi (SAW) sai ya daura hannunsa na dama akan na hagu akan kirjinsa acikin sallah.

Rawi (ibn khuzaima 479)

Albani ya inganta wannan hadisin a littafinsa irwa’ul ghalil 352

  • ANNAZRU MUHALLISSUJUD (KALLON GURIN SA GOSHI)

Aisha uwar muminai ta ce yayin da annabi (SAW) shiga ka’aba idonsa bai saba wa kallon gurin sujjadassa ba ma’ana idonsa yana kallon inda goshinsa yake tabawa

Rawi (Alhakim 479)

  • ISTIWA’UZZAHR FIRRUKU’U WA ADAMU RAF’URRASI AU KHAFDUHU WAL QABDU BIL KAFFI ALARRUKUBATAINI MA’ATAFRIJUL ASABI’I WAMUBAADATUL ADUDAINI ANIL JAMBAINI (DAIDAITA GADON BAYA ACIKIN RUKU’U KADA A DAGA KAI SAMA KAR A KWANTAR DA SHI CHAN KASA DA BUDA TAFIKAN HANNU A DANKI GUIWA DA SU DA NISANTAR DA MANNE HANNAYE GUDA BIYU ACIKIN JIKI).
  1. Saboda hadisin Abi Humaid acikin irin siffar sallah annabi (SAW) idan ya yi ruku’u yana daura hannayensa akan guiwowinsa sannan ya mike gadon bayansa har sai ya zama ya daidaita shi bai karkata

Rawi (Bukhari 821, Abu Dawud 717).

  1. Hadisin uwar muminai ta ce annabi (SAW) ya kasance in ya yi ruku’u baya daga kansa sama sai dai yana daidaitawa sakani.

Rawi (Muslim 498, Abu Dawud 768)

SUNNONIN SALLAH

SUNNONIN SALLAH

Sun kaso kashi biyu

  1. Sunnonin da za a firta da baki (kauliyya)
  2. Sunnonin da za a aikata da gabbai (fi’íliyya)

Sunnonin da za a firta da ba’ki sun kaso kashi goma

  1. Karatun surah bayan fatiha

Sunnah ne karanta surah a rakaóin farko bayan fatiha da ijma’in mallamai (taruwan mallamai) haka kuma sunnah ne karanta surah a raka’oin karshe (raka’ah uku da ta hudu)

DALILI (HUJJA)

Hadisin Abi qata’dah yace manzan Allah (SAW) ya kasance yana karanta a raka’oin farko fatiha da surah yana jiyar da mu ayah wani lokacin yana karantawa a raka’oin biyun karshe da suratul fatiha.

Rawi (muslim 421, bukhari 759).

Amma karantun surah a raka’a  uku da ta hudu an samu ne a hadisin Abi sa’idin lallai  manzan Allah (SAW) ya kasance yana karanta a raka’oin biyun farko na azahar ayoyi talatin talatin sannan a biyun karshe da ayoyi goma sha biyar biyar.

Rawi (muslim 452)

  1. Zikiri cikin ruku’u
  • Allahumma laka raka’atu wa laka aslamtu wa bika a’mantu qhasha’a laka sam’i wa basari wa mukki wa azmi wa asabi

Rawi (muslim 771, tirmizi 4371, Abu dawud 760)

  • Subhanaka Allahumma rabbana wa bi hamdika Allahumma agfirli

Rawi (bukhari 247, muslim 484)

  • Subbuhun quddusun rabul mala’ikati wa ruhh

Rawi (muslim 487)

  • Subhana zil jabaruti wal malakuti wal kibriya’u wal azma

Rawi (Abu dawud 873)

  1. Azikru baádal kiyam minal ruku’i wa ba’ada rabbana walakalhamdu (zikir bayan dagowa daga ruku’u da kuma bayan rabbana walakalhamdu)
  • Allahumma rabbana walakalhamdu mil’assamawati wa mil’al ardi wa mil’a ma bainahuma wa mil’a ma shita min shay’in baada ahlusana’i wal majdi a haqqu ma kalal abdi wa kulluna laka abdi Allahumma la ma ni’a lima a’adaita wa la mu’udi lima mana’ata wa la yanfa’u zal jadd minkal jadd

Rawi (muslim 477, Abu dawud 747)

  • Rabbana walakalhamdu hamdan kasiran tayiban mubarakan fihi.

Rawi (bukhari 237, Abu dawud 770)

  1. Azzikru fissujud (zikiri cikin sujjada)
  • Allahumma laka sajadtu wa bika a’mantu wa laka aslamtu sajada wajhi lilazi qalaqahu wa sawwarahu wa shaqqa wa basaruhu tabarakallahu ahsanul qa’liqina.

Rawi (muslim 771)

  • Subhanakallahumma rabbana wa bi hamdika Allahumma agfirli
  • Sauran biyun cikin na ruku’u za a iya yinsu a cikin sujjada (subbuhun quddusun ……………..)
  • (subhana zil jabaruti …………………..)
  1. Al’iksaru minad du’a fis sujjud (yawanta yin addu’a a cikin sujjada)

Da cewar sa annabi (SAW) amma a cikin yin sujjada ku yawaita yin addua tabas za a karba muku. Annabi (SAW) ya kasance yana fada a cikin sujjadar sa ‘’Allahumma agfirli zanbi kullahu dikkahu wa jillahu wa awwalahu wa akhirahu wa alaniyyatahu wa sirrahu’’

Rawi muslim 483

  1. Addua baina sajadataini
  • Allahumma agfirli warhamni wajbirni wahdini warzuqni

Rawi (Abu Dawud 850, Tirmizi 284)

  • Rabigfirli Rabigfirli

Rawi (Abu Dawud 874)

  1. Assalatu ala nabiyyi ba’ada tashahudu auwal wal akhir (yi wa annabi salatu bayan tahiyar farko da na karshe)

RA’AYOYIN MALLAMAI

  • Imam shafi’i da imam Ahmad sun tafi akan wajabci yi wa annabi sallati a tahiyar karshe. Da mutum zai bari bai yi sallah sa bai inganta ba. Dan cewar sa annabi (SAW) acikin hadisin da hakim da abu hatim suka rawaito acikin sahihansu (yaya za mu yi maka sallati acikin sallah).
  • Imam abu hanifa da malik sun tafi akan cewa yi wa annabi sallati a tahiyar karshe sunnah ne. dan cewar sa annabi (SAW) bayan ya koyar da yanda za a yi tahiya sai yace idan ku ka aikata haka sallah ku ta cika. (wannan shine dalilin su cewar yin sallati acikin sallah sunnah ne).

TUNATARWA

Amma ra’ayin mallaman farko (imam shafi’i da imam ahmad shine       mafi rinjaye )

Ga daya daga cikin salatin annabi (SAW)

Allahumma salli ala Muhammad wa ala ali Muhammad wa barik ala Muhammad wa ala ali Muhammad kama barakta ala Ibrahim wa ala ali Ibrahim innaka hamidun majid

  1. Addua ba’adu tashahud auwal wa tsani (yin addua bayan tahiyar farko da ta karshe)

Amma yin addua a tahiyar farko dan cewar annabi (SAW) idan kunyi zama acikin kowane raka’a biyu ku ce (attahiya’atu lillah ………………………) sannan dayanku ya yi zabi da addua da yake so, amma bayan tahiya ta biyu dan cewar sa annabi (SAW) idan dayanku ya gama tahiya karshe ya nemi tsari daga wajen Allah akan abubuwa guda hudu;

  • Min azabi jahannam (neman tsari daga azaban wuta)
  • Min azabi kabari (neman tsari dage azaban kabari)
  • Wa min fitnatil mahya wal mamat (neman tsari daga fitina rayuwa da mutuwa)
  • Wa min sharri masihi dajjal (neman tsari daga sharin dajjal)

Rawi (bukhari 192, muslim 588)

  1. Attaslimatu tsaniya (yin sallama ta biyu)

Hakika annabi (SAW) ya kasance yana sallama biyu. An samo hadisin daga A’mir bin Sa’ad daga babansa y ace ni na ga annabi (SAW) yana sallama a gefen dama da gefen hagu har ina ganin hasken kumatun sa. (muslim 582).

Ita kuma sallama ta farko wajibi ce ta biyu kuma sunnah ce. Ya tabbata annabi (SAW) yana yin sallama kwaya daya. Aisha uwar muminai ta ce lallai annabi (SAW) ya kasance yana sallama daya acikin sallah ta gabar fuskar sa sannan sai ya karkata zuwa gefen dama kadan.

Rawi (Tirmizi 290)

TUNATARWA

Amma mallamai sun ce yana yin sallama dayanne a sallah nafila a gida wannan shi ya kawo uwar muminai ta gani har ta fada. Amma maganar yin sallama biyu shine mafi ingancin zance wanda sahabai sama da goma sha biyar suka kawo riwayar. Ga sunnan su kamar haka;

  • Abdullahi bin mas’ud
  • Sa’ad bin Abi waqqas
  • Sahal bin Sa’ad assa’idi
  • Wa’il bi hujirin
  • Abu musa alshari
  • Khuzaifatul yamani
  • Ammaru bin yasir
  • Abdullahi bin Umar
  • Jabir bin samura
  • Barra’u bin azib
  • Abu maliki ashari
  • Dalk bin aliyu
  • Aus bin Aus
  • Abu ramsa
  • Adiyu bin umaira

Ku duba littafin zadul ma’ad fi hadiyi khairul ibad na ibn qayim aljauziya mujjaladi na daya shafi na shasa’in da tara zuwa dari.

  1. Azzikr wa du’a ba’ada sallah (zikiri da addua bayan sallah)

Yin zikiri a bayan sallah ya tabbata cikin hadisai da dama daga cikinsu

  • Duk wanda yayi subhanallah 33 alhamdulillah 33 allahu akbar 33 a karshen sallah ya cika ya cike na dari da cewa la’ilaha ilallah wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shay’in kadir. Annabi (SAW) yace za a kankare zunuban sa ko sun kai yawan kumfar teku

Rawi (muslim 597)

  • Annabi (SAW) ya kasance idan ya idar da sallah yana cewa astagfirullah sau 3 allahumma anta sallam wa minka sallam tabarakta ya zal jalali wal ikram
  • An samo daga ukbar bin a’mir annabi (SAW) ya umarce ni ina karanta falaki da nasi karshen ko wace sallah

Rawi (Abu dawud 1523)

  • Wanda duk ya karanta ayatul kursiyyu a karshen ko wace sallah ta wajibi ba abinda zai hana shi shiga aljannah sai mutuwa

Rawi (Ibn sinni)

Amma addua bayan sallah suna da yawa amma ga daya daga cikin su; (allahumma a’ini zikirika wa shukrika wa husni ibadatik)

Rawi (Abu dawud 1508)

 

MARKAZ NA SALAFIYYA NGURU YOBE STATE

MALLAM IDRIS IBRAHIM ASSALAFI NGURU (SHUGABAN MARKAZ)

DUA’UL ISTIFTAH ADDUAR BUDE SALLAH

DUA’UL ISTIFTAH

ADDUAR BUDE SALLAH

SIGOGIN

  • HADISIN ABU HURAIRAH

Allahumma baïd baini wa baina khadayaya kama ba adta bainal mashriki wal magrib, allahumma naqhini min khadayaya kama yunaqha saubul abyadu minaddanasi, allahumma igsilni min khadayaya bilmai wassalji wal baradi.

Masu riwayar hadisin

  • Bukhari 784
  • Muslim 598

 

  • HADISIN ABDULLAHI IBN UMAR

Allahu akbar kabiran, walhamdulilahi kasiran, wa subhanallahi bukratan wa asila.

Masu riwayar hadisin

  • Muslim 601
  • Tirmizi 3592

 

  • HADISIN AISHA UWAR MUMINAI (R.A.H) DA ABU SAIDUL KHUDRI (R.A.)

Subhanaka Allahumma wa bi hamdika  wa tabarka ismuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuka.

Masu riwayar hadisin

  • Abu Dawud 776
  • Tirmizi 243
  • Ibnu ma’ja 706

 

  • HADISIN ALIYU (R.A)

Wajjahtu wajhi lilladhi fadarassamawati wal ardi hanifan wama ana minal mushrikina, inna salati wa nusuki wa mahyaya wa mamati lillahi rabbil aalamina la sharika lahu wabi zalika umirtu wa ana auwalul muslimina, Allahumma antal maliku la ilaha illa anta, anta rabbi waána abduka zalamtu nafsi, wa aátaraftu bizanbi fagfili zunubi ja mian innahu la yagfiruzzunuba illa anta wahdini li ahsamil akhlaaki layahdi li ahsamiha illa anta, wasrif anni sayyi iha, la yasrif anni sayyi iha illa anta. Labbaika wa saadaika wal khairu kulluhu biyadaika, washsharru laisa ilaika ana bika wa ilaika tabaarakta wataálaita astagfiruka wa atuubu ilaika.

 

Masu riwayar hadisin

  • Muslim 771
  • Abu Dawud 760
  • Tirmizi 342

TUNATARWA

Wannan adduar ta bude sallah, Annabi S.A.W. yafi yinta a sallar dare ta nafila.

 

  • HADISIN AISHA UWAR MUMINAI

Allahumma rabba jibrilu wa mikaílu wa israfilu, fadirassamawati wal ardi, aalimil ghaibi wash shahada anta tahkumu baina ibaadika fima kanu fihi yakhtalifuna, ihdini limah uktulifa fihi minal hakka bi iznika innaka tahdi man tasha ila siratimmustaqeem.

Mai riwayar hadisin

  • Muslim 770

 

 

TUNATARWA

Manyan magabata kamar Sauri, Ahmad da ishaq sunyi amfani da hadisin ibn Umar, Aisha, Abi Saidul Kudri, Imam Shafai da hadisin Aliyyu (R.A).

Amma imam Malik rahimahullah bai kawo shar’ancin yin dua’ul istiftah, istiaazatu, basmala a farkon sallah ba.

Ma’ana: bai daukeshi yanda sauran magabata suka fahimta ba.

Allahu aalam. Amma abunda yazo cikin nassi dashi ake amfani. Shar’ancin yin shine abunda ya tabbata.

Ka/ki duba littafin al’ausad V3 Page 86, al’mudawwana V1 Page 63

Abunso ne ashar’ance ana yin kowace seega ta wannan addua (suna nan da yawa, wannan kadan ne muka kawo).

MARKAZ NA SALAFIYYA NGURU YOBE STATE

MALLAM IDRIS IBRAHIM ASSALAFI NGURU (SHUGABAN MARKAZ)